3GJ301 Journalism, Media and Globalization

All versions:
3GJ301 (2024—2025)
3GJ301 (2023—2024)
3GJ301 (2022—2023)
3GJ301 (2021—2022)
3GJ301 (2020—2021)
3GJ301 (2019—2020)
3GJ301 (2018—2019)
3GJ301 (2017—2018)

Course code: 3GJ301

Course name: Journalism, Media and Globalization

Semester: Autumn

Location: Kristiansand

Academic year: 2019–2020

Language: English

Credits: 10 ECTS Credits

Available for course students: No

Required prerequisite knowledge

Admission to the MA Programme in Global Journalism.

Relevance within study programme

GJ 301 Journalism, Media and Globalization is a mandatory course in the MA Programme in Global Journalism at NLA University College and takes place in the first semester of the programme.


Globalization affects journalism in a number of ways. To an increasing degree, one may speak about a global public arena, shared methods in news-gathering, joint technologies, an international media industry, a global journalist fraternity, and so forth. However, there are also tendencies that seem to contradict the perception of increased global cohesion within journalistic theory and practice. For example, local media cultures reveal diverse journalistic norms, and new technology is sometimes at odds with the idea of a global professional ideology. Thus, understanding journalism in the global world requires both knowledge of media globalization as well as awareness of local media practice.

GJ 301 Journalism, Media and Globalization aims to explore both global and local developments in journalistic practice. The course consists of two sections. The first section takes on a deductive approach and considers common models for media systems, where the intention is to systematize media arrangements in relation to their socio-political environment as a means to compare media systems across the world. The second section takes on an inductive approach by means of exploring journalistic practices in various societies across the world, leading up to the discussion of whether one also can speak of an emerging globalizing journalism practice that transcends local journalism practice. The course begins and ends by asking the key question, –What is global journalism?–.

Learning outcomes descriptors


The student:

  • has knowledge of key issues within comparative journalism research
  • has knowledge of the diversity of journalistic practices and ideologies around the world
  • is familiar with recognized media system models both for the Western and the non-Western world
  • is familiar with discussions in globalization with particular emphasis on the media perspective



The student:

  • can compare journalistic ideologies in global perspective
  • can explain and assess different positions pertaining to media globalization
  • can analyse normative preferences in selected media systems

General competence

The student:

  • can reflect critically on issues of globalization in relation to journalism and the media
  • is able to explain and make use of specialized nomenclature concerning journalism, media and globalization


GJ 301–1: Journalism across the world

This section of the course focuses on the various regions of the world and considers journalistic practices and challenges for each area, in addition to offering a discussion of whether a global journalism identity is emerging. One of the issues to be discussed is the impact that changes in the media industry has on journalistic identity and practice in different media societies. For every region, one particular topic – which has global significance as well – receives particular attention. In the appending weekly student seminars, individual students will be asked to dig particularly into one geographical area and present a focused report on the chosen area.

GJ 301–2: Media systems

The second section of the course examines regional media systems in global perspective. The starting-point is Hallin and Mancini–s (2004) renowned three-tiered model of Western media systems (the polarized pluralist model, the democratic corporatist model and the liberal model), after which the course goes on to discuss alternative models for journalistic practice elsewhere in the world. The course considers how journalism ideology and practice are interrelated with the overall media system of a given society.

Teaching and learning methods

The teaching is delivered through lectures and seminars. The lectures are organized over approximately five weeks with four lecture hours every week, making up 20 lecture hours in total. The seminars are mainly student-led and last for approximately two hours each week.


Ap. 250 to 300 hours

Coursework requirements

Lectures in GJ 301 are not compulsory, but students are encouraged to be present in order to create a fertile learning environment. The written exam and the assignment are compulsory.

Grading, coursework requirements


Final assessment

The assessment of GJ 301 comprises two parts:

  • 4000 word written assignment/paper discussing a focused issue within journalism, media and globalization (51% of the final grade)
  • 4 hour written exam (49% of the final grade)

Permitted aids under examination

1. All 2. None

Grading, examination

Both parts shall be individual work and are assessed according to the standard A–F grading system. One final grade is given for the course.

Assessment language




Course evaluation

Annually course evaluation in accordance with the quality assurance system for NLA University College. Students may also give their feedback on the course in the student group/ in class.

Available for Course Students



Revised May 2019

  •  Andresen, Kenneth (2009) Producing ‘protocol news’ in Kosovo’s public broadcaster: Journalism in a transitional risk society. Conflict & Communication Online 8(2). Available from www.cco.regener-online.de/2009_2/pdf/andresen.pdf. (16 pp.)
  • Bromley, Michael and Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova (2019) Global journalism: An introduction. London: Macmillan. Pp. 1–221.
  • Flew, Terry and Silvio Waisbord (2015) The ongoing significance of national media systems in the context of media globalization. Media, Culture & Society 37(4): 620–636.
  • Hadland, Adrian (2012) Africanizing three models of media and politics: The South African experience. In Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini (eds.), Comparing media systems beyond the Western world, 96–118. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hallin, Daniel C. and Paolo Mancini (eds.) (2012) Comparing media systems beyond the Western world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1–10 and 278–304.
  • Hallin, Daniel C. and Paolo Mancini (2004) Comparing media systems: Three models of media and politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1–45 and 66–86.
  • Hanitzsch, Thomas, Folker Hanusch, Jyotika Ramaprasad and Arnold S. de Beer (eds.) (2019, forthcoming) Worlds of journalism: Journalistic cultures across the globe. New York: Columbia University Press. Approx. 100 pages (to be specified).
  • Obijiofor, Levi and Folker Hanusch (2011) Journalism across cultures: An introduction. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 13–36, 62–86 and 131–153.
  • Voltmer, Karin (2012) How far can media systems travel? Applying Hallin and Mancini’s comparative framework outside the Western world. In Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini (eds.), Comparing media systems beyond the Western world, 224–245. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Waisbord, Silvio R. (2013b) Reinventing professionalism: Journalim and news in global perspective. Cambridge: Polity Press. Pp. 19-42.
  • Weaver, David H. and Lars Willnat (2012) Journalists in the 21st century: Conclusions. In David H. Weaver and Lars Willnat (eds.), The global journalist in the 21st century, 529–551. New York: Routledge.
  • Xu, Xiaoge (2009) Development journalism. In Karin Wahl-Jørgensen and Thomas Hanitzsch (eds.), The handbook of journalism studies, 357–370. New York: Routledge.
  • Zhao, Yuezhi (2012) Understanding China’s media system in a world historical context. In Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini (eds.), Comparing media systems beyond the Western world, 143–173. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Total page numbers: 664 (approx.)