IKF307 Gender, Cultural Diversity and Social Justice

All versions:
IKF307 (2022—2023)
IKF307 (2021—2022)
IKF307 (2020—2021)
IKF307 (2019—2020)
IKF307 (2018—2019)

Course code: IKF307

Course name: Gender, Cultural Diversity and Social Justice

Semester: Spring

Location: Bergen

Academic year: 2020–2021

Language: English

Credits: 10 ECTS Credits

Available for course students: No

Required prerequisite knowledge

Completion of the first semester in the master programme in Intercultural studies, NLA, Development studies, UCU or equivalent studies.

Relevance within study programme

Elective course in the master programme in Intercultural studies, NLA.

Elective course in the master programme in Development studies, UCU.

Elective course in the master programme of social work,UCU.


This is a joint course between master programmes at Uganda Christian University (Uganda) and Intercultural Studies, NLA (Norway).

Learning outcomes descriptors


The candidate has

  • Insights in varying approaches to social justice and empowerment theories
  • Insights in key concepts and perspectives on discrimination
  • Thorough knowledge of key concepts and perspectives in gender studies and cultural diversity studies, including;
    • Women in development - and ethnic minorities/cultural diversity
    • Women and development -and ethnic minorities/cultural diversity
    • Gender and development
    • Human rights based approach to social discrimination/deprivation
    • Capability approach to vulnerable groups


The candidate has

  • Ability to analyse a text or situation in a gender sensitive manner
  • Ability to do gender analysis
  • Ability to transfer and apply theories of social justice and empowerment to other marginalized social groups.
  • Can analyze assumptions, underlying principles and practices that affect equity and social justice across social groups.

General competence:

The candidate

  • can apply and critically assess different theoretical approaches to understand social differences, cumulative disadvantages and forms of discrimination


Two major challenges confronting public policy and services in modern times are how to overcome overt and subtle discrimination, and how to facilitate expansion of opportunity freedoms for persons from marginalized groups. Among the several pathways to realize these goals, the pursuit of tolerance of cultural diversity and cognitive and social justice, and the eradication of exploitation of one group by others remains a major focus. The empirical focus of the course is on development in the global South, with particular regard to Uganda, but the course also comprises perspectives and cases from the global North.

Students will be guided to analyze discourses on social justice, and on social and cultural differences and inequalities in the global South (Uganda) as well as the global North (Norway), and how state and society have responded over time to the growing demands for inclusive citizenship and social justice. The course highlights how policy instruments influence the process of income distribution across different social groups; how public or institutional policy can be used to address people–s freedoms across different social groups. Understanding the political and civil rights of varying categories of citizens, as well as their economic, social and cultural rights and capabilities provide important approaches in the course on Gender, Cultural Diversity, and social justice.

In addition, it points out the kinds of social research that have evolved around the theme of public policy, and the relations between public policy, social research and advocacy groups. The course also highlights intersectional theories to explain the situation of different social groups in society, ascribed by social markers such as gender, ethnicity and disability, and their relations with each other and implications for social justice. The ways in which life-course changes such as childhood, youth, motherhood, working life, ageing, disability among others are managed through various public policies will also be addressed.

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures from campus to campus, online exchange between groups of students, observations, assignments, discussions and self-study. As a joint course with use of e-learning and exchange of staff both ways between Uganda and Norway, this course offer cultural training and internationalization also for non-mobile students and train comparative perspectives.


300 hours. This includes self study.

Coursework requirements

  • Participation (class discussion, case study discussion)
  • Group work with three group assignments
  • Students should present In class two topics that need further explanation

Grading, coursework requirements

Approved / Not approved

Final assessment

4 hours written exam in an examination location.

Permitted aids under examination

Bilingual English dictionary or an English-English dictionary.

Grading, examination

ECTS grading scale from A to F, in which E or better is necessary in order to pass.

Assessment language




Incompatible courses

IKF 305

Course evaluation

Annually course evaluation in accordance with the quality assurance system for NLA University College. Students may also give their feedback on the course in the student group/ in class.

Other rules

Norwegian students should be aware that living and working in a developing country and/or in subtropics/tropic region requires good mental and physical health and due preparation in terms of medical prophylaxis. Cf. the UCU internship manual and guidelines for details on sick leave etc.

Available for Course Students



Syllabus ca. 700 pages

NOTE: Most books and articles can be accessed digitally on the internet. Exceptions are marked by three stars

Core Texts

Nussbaum, Martha 2002: Women's Capabilities and Social Justice. In Gender Justice, Development, and Rights, (eds.) Razavi, Shahrashoub, Molyneux, Maxine, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Oxford Studies in Democratization, New York : OUP Oxford s 45-77 (32)

Okwany, Auma & Elizabeth Ngutuku; Arthur Muhangi 2011: The Role of Local Knowledge and Culture in Child Care in Africa : A Sociological Study of Several Ethnic Groups in Kenya and Uganda. Lewiston, The Edwin Mellen Press (131)**

Tripp, Aili Mari 2002: The Politics of Women's Rights and Cultural Diversity in Uganda, in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights, (eds.) Razavi, Shahrashoub, Molyneux, Maxine, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Oxford Studies in Democratization, New York : OUP Oxford s 413- 442 (29)

Development and gender justice WID/GAD

Hickel, Jason 2014: The 'girl effect': liberalism,empowerment and the contradictions of development. Third World Quarterly, 2014, Vol. 35, No. 8, 1355-1373. (18) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2014.946250

Kabeer, Naila 2015: WOMEN/MDGs; Tracking the gender politics of the Millennium Development Goals: struggles for interpretive power in the international development agenda. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 2, 377-395, (18) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2015.1016656

Ouédraogo, Jean-Bernard & Roseline M. Achieng 2011: Introductions Gender in a Global Market Society; In: Global Exchanges and Gender Perspectives in Africa (ed.) Achieng', Roseline M., Ouédraogo, Jean-Bernard s1-12 (12

Razavi, Shahra 2011: "'World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development: An Opportunity Both Welcome and Missed (An Extended Commentary)'" (PDF): United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. (14) http://www.unrisd.org/80256B42004CCC77/(httpInfoFiles)/E90770090127BDFDC12579250058F520/$file/Extended%20Commentary%20WDR%202012.pdf

Razavi, Shahrashoub and Carol Miller 1995: From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse. Occational paper 1. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (57) http://unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/ab82a6805797760f80256b4f005da1ab/d9c3fca78d3db32e80256b67005b6ab5/$FILE/opb1.pdf

Capabilities, rights, and recognition; approaches to social justice

den Braber, C., 2013: The introduction of the capability approach in social work across a neoliberal Europe. Journal of Social Intervention: Theory and Practice. 22(4), pp.61-77. (16) DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/jsi.380

Fraser, Nancy 2007: Feminist Politics in the Age of Recognition: A Two-Dimensional Approach to Gender Justice. Studies in Social Justice. 2007;1(1):23-35 (12)

Robeyns, I (2009): Equality and justice. In S. Deneulin and L. Shahai: Introduction to Human development and capability approach. Freedom and agency. London, Earthscan; 101-116. (15)

Gender-sensitive analysis

Bell, Karen 2016: Bread and Roses: A Gender Perspective on Environmental Justice and Public Health, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016;13(10):1005 (18) DOI 10.3390/ijerph13101005

Divan, Vivek, Clifton Cortez, Marina Smelyanskaya, JoAnne Keatley 2016: Transgender social inclusion and equality: a pivotal path to development. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2016;19(3 (Suppl 2)):1-6 (6) DOI 10.7448/IAS.19.3.20803

Gottschalk, Noah 2007: Uganda: early marriage as a form of sexual violence. Forced Migration Review. 2007;(27):51-53 (3)

Oliver, Marcia 2012: Transnational Sex Politics, Conservative Christianity, and Antigay Activism in Uganda. Studies in Social Justice. 2012;7(1):83-105 (22)

Wamala, Caroline Victoria 2013: I Have to Give an "I Can" Attitude. SAGE Open. 2013;3(1) (11) DOI 10.1177/2158244013477101

Weare, Siobhan 2013: "The Mad", "The Bad", "The Victim": Gendered Constructions of Women Who Kill within the Criminal Justice System. Laws. 2013;2(3):337-361 (24) DOI 10.3390/laws2030337

Witt, Ann-Katrin, Marta Cuesta 2014; How Gender Conscious Pedagogy in Higher Education Can Stimulate Actions of Social Justice in Society. Social Inclusion. 2014;2(1):12-23(11) DOI 10.17645/si.v2i1.30

Gender and Cultural diversity

Baker, Carrie N. 2013: Moving Beyond "Slaves, Sinners, and Saviors": An Intersectional Feminist Analysis of US Sex-Trafficking Discourses, Law and Policy. Journal of Feminist Scholarship. 2013;(4):1-23 (23)

Briones, Leah 2011: Rights with Capabilities: Towards a Social Justice Framework for Migrant Activism. Studies in Social Justice. 2011;5(1):127-143 (16)

Chou, Rosalind S., Kristen Lee, Simon Ho 2007: The White Habitus and Hegemonic Masculinity at the Elite Southern University: Asian Americans and the Need for Intersectional Analysis. Sociation Today. 2012;10(2) (unpag) (10)

Hasan, Md. Mahmudul 2012: Feminism as Islamophobia: A review of misogyny charges against Islam. Intellectual Discourse. 2012;20(1)55-78. (24)

Hertz, Rosanna 2016 Turning Points in the Lives of Chinese and Indian Women Leaders Working toward Social Justice. Social Sciences. 2016;5(4):63 (15) DOI 10.3390/socsci5040063

Hye-cheon, Karen Kim Yeary 2011: Religious Authority in African American Churches: A Study of Six Churches. Religions. 2011;2(4):628-648 (19) DOI 10.3390/rel2040628

Nardini, Krizia 2016: Men–s Networking for Gender Justice: Thinking Through Global/Local Strategies Starting From the Italian and Spanish Cases. Journal of Men's Studies 2016, Vol. 24(3) 241-258 (17) DOI: 10.1177/1060826516661699

Cases and perspectives from Scandinavia and UK:

Bygnes, Susanne 2010: Making Equality Diverse? Merged Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination Measures in Norway NORA-Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research Vol. 18, No. 2, 88-104, June 2010 (16) DOI: 10.1080/08038741003755475

Craig, Gary 2007: Social Justice in a Multicultural Society: Experience from the UK. Studies in Social Justice. 2007;1(1):93-108 (15)

Edstrom, Maria 2016: The Trolls Disappear in the Light: Swedish Experiences of Mediated Sexualised Hate Speech in the Aftermath of Behring Breivik. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. 2016;5(2):96-106 (18) DOI 10.5204/ijcjsd.v5i2.314

Midtbøen, Arnfinn H. & Mari Teigen 2014: Social Investment in Gender Equality? Changing Perspectives on Work and Welfare in Norway. NORA-Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 2014, Vol. 22, No. 4, 267-282, (15) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08038740.2014.964647