Exploring the relationship between the learning environment and bullying: PLS-SEM evidence from Norwegian higher education

Emmanuel Mensah Kormla Tay and Stephen Zamore

(Publisert i Learning Environments Research, 28.3.2024)

This study explored the relationship between learning environment and bullying at two universities in Norway. Using a sample of 438 students and PLS-SEM, the results show that students’ perceptions of the universities’ general learning environments are inversely associated with bullying and victimisation, and the results are notable among bachelor students and married and cohabiting people. The study shows that an improvement, mainly in the universities’ general learning environment, relative to the validated variables, would reduce the occurrence and experience of bullying.

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