Teachers’ attitudes to inclusion regarding challenging behaviour

Kristian Øen og Rune Johan Krumsvik

(Publisert i European Journal of Special Needs Education, 3.3.2021)

Inclusion regarding challenging behaviour is one of the most demanding challenges for teachers. How schools succeed with inclusion regarding challenging behaviour can therefore be a good indicator of how they succeed in developing an inclusive practice in general. This paper addresses this with a rapid review of how mainstream teachers attribute challenging behaviour and what impact these attributions have on inclusion in schools.  An inductive thematic analysis (...) revealed the following categories: (1) ‘lack of qualities and skills to be included’, (2) ‘mission impossible’, (3) ‘teachers as lifelong learners’, (4) ‘an inclusive ethos’ and (5) ‘leading towards inclusion’. The main finding was that teachers like students, can be seen as lifelong learners. The findings also indicated that ‘placement’ still seems to be the foundational concept in teachers’ understanding of inclusion. We therefore ask whether other dimensions should replace that conceptual hub to accelerate the revision of thinking of inclusive practices.

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